I know what you’re thinking… this is just what the internet needed, another “the best of” list. I agree, these lists are typically very subjective. I tried to take an analytical approach to narrowing down your options to make shopping for a Street Photography camera a little simpler. I narrowed the pool down to 8 digital cameras using a few specs key to Street Photography.
The three things I used to narrow down the hundreds of cameras out there to only 8 digital cameras was; high ISO abilities, viewfinder, and size. There are a ton of cameras, big and small, with viewfinders on the market but when you add the ability to handle high ISO (low light) you narrow that pool down drastically… Then tack on the desire for a smaller camera, something discreet, and you end up with the list I’m about to share with you.
I’ll share my experience with each camera as well as some of their quirks, every camera has one. Any of these cameras would make a fine choice for a street shooter, only your own limits would hold you back.
This is one of my favorite cameras, I purchased it when it first came out and have been using it ever since. If you can accept the fact that it does not shoot video then you won’t find a better/more versatile camera out there. The sensor is a full frame monster that makes ISO 6400 look like ISO 800, the images are spectacular.
The size and weight of the camera is perfect for Street Photography and it’s versatile enough to be used for every other type of photography out there. The Df accepts any of the FX lenses that Nikon has to offer and there are a ton of them. For street photography I’d recommend a 35, 50, or even 85mm lens.
You can find my full review, with sample images, of the Nikon Df here.
X100T or S
The X100T is another one of my favorite cameras (to be fair, I like all of these cameras or I wouldn’t recommend them) for Street Photography. The viewfinder is impressive, you can jump back and forth between optical and electronic viewfinder at the flick of a button. Personally, I stick with the optical viewfinder because it’s much brighter but that is just me.
The image quality is the closest I’ve gotten to a full frame sensor camera without actually using a full frame sensor camera. You can easily shoot at ISO 6400 without worry.
*Full frame sensors have an advantage in low light (as well as other areas) over cropped sensor cameras. Anyone who tells you differently usually qualifies it with a “you don’t really need” which is a rather subjective statement. In very difficult lighting my Nikon Df will trounce my X100T every day of the week but in normal lighting conditions they are almost indiscernible.
I’d be remiss if I didn’t mention its size and sound. When it comes to size, the X100T may be the best Street Photography camera in the world. The camera can fit into your coat pocket and it’s incredibly light. I take the X100T with me everywhere I go, when I go to work I drop it in the front of my messenger bag and there is still room for all of the other crap I take with me. The camera is discreet.
If you value a quiet camera the X100T will knock your socks off… If you set the camera to silent you won’t even know when it’s taken the image. I let my fiancee use the camera and she wasn’t able to detect a sound when the shutter released. You will learn to recognize the very slight movement in the camera as opposed to hearing a shutter noise.
The X100S is usable for Street Photography as well but it hunts for focus in very low light while the X100T grabs it every time. The X100T also has a small advantage at higher ISO (I believe a stop better) so I’d recommend it over the X100S. If you asked me if it was worth the upgrade for a Street Photographer I would say absolutely yes.
Olympus OMD EM5, 5 Mark II, and EM1
The Micro 4/3rd format has come a long way in such a short period of time, the image quality is equal if not better than most DSLR’s from Nikon and Canon (minus the FX bodies). The OMD line is smaller and more technologically advanced than any serious cameras that Nikon or Canon make too.
The lens selection for the M4/3 format is probably better than all of the other cameras I’ve listed here (except the Nikon Df). You can use lenses from Olympus, Panasonic, Voigtlander, and a number of other manufacturers with the addition of conversion mounts.
The image quality is excellent, the only gripe I have is with the EM1 at high ISO’s at exposures of more than 10 – 15 seconds (you can read about the high ISO/long exposure issue here). The long exposure, high ISO issue the EM1 should not have an impact on your Street Photography but could be a factor if you enjoy Landscape Astrophotography from time to time. The EM5 and EM5 Mark II do not struggle from this issue.
The Fuji X-T1 uses the exact same sensor as the X100S and X100T but it’s packaged in a more versatile body that accepts a number of Fuji lenses (to be fair the X100S(T) also accept additional “extension” lenses… all two of them). The image quality is excellent, you can read my comments on the image quality of the X100T above. The X-T1 is very slightly larger than the X100 series, once you start attaching various lenses you’ll begin to notice the size difference.
If you could only afford one camera and wanted the great image quality that Fuji is known for then this would be the camera for you, for the sole reason it accepts many more lenses so you’d be able to do more than Street Photography if you needed to.
Sony A7 Mark II
The Sony A7 has a lot going for it, it’s got 5 axis image stabilization built right into the body (the first for a full frame camera), incredible low light capabilities (it may be the best low light consumer camera available), and it’s all packaged into an incredibly small camera body.
The A7 sometimes get’s a bad rap because of Sony’s limited lens range but this can easily be overcome by using one of the numerous conversion mounts available. You can use lenses from multiple manufacturers including the up and coming Sigma brand. This camera is one of the most capable bodies you’ll likely find… though it’s also one of the ugliest cameras you’ll likely find.
Leica M (240)
Want to make a statement? Something like “I’ve got more money than I know what to do with!”? All kidding aside, the Leica M is Leica’s answer to a technologically advancing world. They made the controversial switch from CCD to a CMOS 24MP sensor for this flagship*, added Live View, the ability to capture video, and some higher ISO abilities.
*The writing was on the wall, you can pick up a much cheaper M-E or other previous generation M digital camera because of the issues Leica is having with their CCD sensors (spots forming all over the sensor over time). Their only fix at this time is to replace these sensors with the same (but new) sensor. Smart money says to stay away from previous generation digital Leica’s using the plagued CCD sensor.
The M has video capabilities (not its strong suite mind you) as well as Live View, higher ISO capabilities (compared to previous M series digital Leica bodies) and longer battery life. It’s weather resistant and made out of the best materials money can buy, it may be the best built camera on this page… With that being said, you’ll pay an exorbitant amount of money for it.
I’ll admit the camera has a lure about it but you’ll have to overlook some of its shortcomings. The cameras longest exposure it can take is 60 seconds (only 8 seconds if you use an ISO of 1600 or higher) which isn’t terrible but if you like long exposure photography you’ll likely want something with a little more flexibility. The ISO can go to 6400 and it looks usable at this level, however if you don’t expose properly the Leica has some of the ugliest recoverable shadow detail I’ve seen in any of these digital cameras.
The Leica M only accepts manual focus lenses which, if you stick with the brand, are some of the most expensive lenses in the world (few people consider buying a Leica to use a different brand of glass with them, the Leica lenses are incredible). Voigtlander and Zeiss make less expensive lenses you could use but if you’re going to spend $6,500 for the ability to use the best lenses and then skimp on lenses it kind of defeats the purpose…
The Leica is a capable Street Photography camera that forces the photographer to slow down and really feel his or her shots. There are many more compromises with the Leica camera compared to the others listed on this page but I’m not kidding when I say you wouldn’t understand unless you actually used one. They are the Lamborghini of cameras.
Of the thousands of cameras to choose from I only chose these 8 or 9 (if you count the different versions) because I believe they are the most capable Street Photography cameras on the market as of February 2015. There are certainly other great Street Photography cameras out there but they either didn’t perform as well in low light, were too large, or didn’t have a viewfinder.
Why is having a viewfinder so important? I believe in taking deliberate photographs, framing is an important part of that. In order to frame a scene in every type of light a viewfinder is necessary. LCD screens can get washed out or are sometimes rendered impossible to see in harsh lighting. Believe it or not, it’s also less conspicuous to bring the camera up to your eye than it is to hold it two feet away from your face, to see the LCD screen, and pan around like a tourist.
Let me know if I missed your favorite camera in the comments below!